Calculating your net worth is a multi-step process. Before you start, decide if you want to calculate net worth individually (you) or jointly (you and your spouse/partner). Also, get all your financial statements (such as bank statements and credit card statements) in one place.
To calculate your net worth, just add up your assets and subtract your liabilities. The resulting number is your net worth.
Here is a highly simplified example: If your home is worth $200,000, your car $30,000 and your savings account $5,000, your assets total $235,000. If your mortgage is $180,000, your car loan is $25,000 and your credit card debt is $5,000, your liabilities are $210,000. Your current net worth is $25,000.
Congratulations, you are in the black. Many people are unpleasantly surprised to learn their net worth is a negative number. This can happen if you, for example, bought your home just before a market decline, have heavy credit card debt, or you spend all or most of what you make.
You can easily track your net worth with Personal Capital’s free financial tools — simply aggregate all of your investment, bank, credit card, and other financial accounts, (or manually input the values) and your net worth will be displayed in the upper left hand corner of your personalized dashboard.
You can calculate your net worth in minutes when you sign up for Personal Capital’s free financial tools.
What Are Assets and Liabilities?
If you’re not sure what assets and liabilities are, here are some guidelines:
Assets: Assets include cash and investments — such as in your checking, savings and retirement accounts — and items such as cars or property that you could sell for cash. Cash and investments are often referred to as liquid assets.
Liabilities: Any money you owe to another person or entity falls under this category. That includes revolving consumer debts — such as credit card balances — as well as personal, auto, payday and title loan balances. If you’re using your home as an asset, its mortgage counts as a liability as well.
What Is Tangible Net Worth?
Your tangible net worth is your assets and liabilities, but it goes one step farther. It subtracts the value of any intangible assets. You might want to calculate your tangible net worth to quantify how you are doing financially, or to evaluate your financial progress over time.
From the total assets, they deduct the value of the following assets:
- Leases and franchises
- Company goodwill
- Life insurance policy value
- Patents and copyrights
This number is important to individuals who are applying for personal or small business loans, where the lender demands a “real” net worth figure. Your lender may be interested in your tangible net worth because it provides a more accurate view of your finances—and how much the lender could recoup if it had to liquidate your assets if you defaulted on their loan.
What Are Tangible Versus Intangible Assets?
The difference between net worth and tangible net worth calculations is that the former includes all assets and the latter subtracts the assets that you cannot physically touch. Assets are everything that you own that can be converted into cash. By this definition, assets include cash, investments, real property (land and permanent structures, such as homes and structures attached to the property), and personal property (everything else that you own such as cars, boats, furniture, and jewelry). These are your tangible assets: They are all things that you can hold. (Strictly speaking, investments are financial assets, not tangible ones. But because they can be converted to cash, they’re often put in the tangible category for purposes like this.)
Intangible assets, on the other hand, are assets you cannot touch or easily sell. Goodwill, copyrights, patents, trademarks and intellectual property are all considered intangible assets since they cannot be seen or touched even though they are valuable. If you are selling your small business, you may be able to rightly argue that these intangible assets add value to the business. However, in the case of determining tangible net worth as part of the loan process, the bank may only consider those assets that are tangible because they could be more easily liquidated.
How To Calculate Your Tangible Net Worth
Calculating your tangible net worth is fairly straightforward. It is your total assets, minus liabilities, minus intangible assets. To calculate your tangible net worth, you must first determine your total assets, total liabilities and the value of any intangible assets.
The first time you calculate your net worth will probably take the longest. Once you figure out how to value your assets, however, the process will likely take less time.
Here’s a step-by-step approach.
Begin with the most liquid assets, the amount you have in cash and cash equivalents, and include:
- Certificates of deposit
- Checking and savings accounts
- Money market accounts
- Physical cash
- Treasury bills
Next, move on to investments, determining their current market value.
- Life insurance cash value
- Mutual funds
- Retirement plans
- Other investments
Personal property is everything else and can include:
- Household furnishings
- Primary residence
- Rental properties
Add them all up and the sum represents your total assets.
How To Calculate Liabilities
Your liabilities represent all of your outstanding debts. You will probably get statements from your lenders that you can use.
Start off with the amount you owe in secured debts, including:
- Home equity loan
- Margin loans
- Rental real estate mortgage
- Second mortgage
- Car loan(s)
Then move on to the amount you owe in unsecured debts:
- Credit card debt
- Medical bills
- Personal loans
- Student loans
- Taxes due
- Other debt and outstanding bills
Add your secured debts and unsecured debts together. The sum represents your total liabilities.
Be conservative with estimates, especially with home and vehicle values. Inflating the value of large assets may look good on paper, but may not paint an accurate picture of your net worth. Consider using our financial tools to track your net worth automatically.
Keep liquid savings in high-yield accounts, which can help them grow faster if you’re earning a competitive annual percentage yield. Make debt repayment a priority and consider consolidating debt at a lower interest rate to help speed up your debt payoff.
Review your budget to look for areas where you can reduce expenses and allocate more money to either savings or debt repayment. If you have additional money to save, consider maxing out your emergency fund, then maxing out your annual contributions to an individual retirement account.
And don’t forget to calculate your net worth with Personal Capital.