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Home>Daily Capital>Retirement Planning>2022 Roth IRA Contribution Rules & Limits

2022 Roth IRA Contribution Rules & Limits

Saving for retirement can be a challenge.

Fortunately, there are numerous tax-advantaged accounts to help you reach your financial and retirement goals.

In this article, we’ll focus on an increasingly popular retirement plan: the Roth IRA. Roth IRAs can be a great option for your retirement savings, but there are some rules to keep in mind if you are considering taking advantage of this type of account.

How is a Roth IRA Distinct?

A Roth IRA offers tax-free growth and withdrawals under the right circumstances, whereas with a traditional IRA, your contributions may be tax-deductible in the year they are made.

Similar to other retirement plans, there are specific rules regarding Roth IRAs. In this article, we’ll cover eligibility requirements, income limits, and other rules, such as the 2022 Roth IRA contribution limits.

Roth IRA Eligibility Rules

Many of the rules for Roth IRAs have to do with who is eligible to contribute to one.

One of the main eligibility requirements is that you must have earned income. Earned income can come in several forms, including commissions, tips, bonuses, taxable fringe benefits from an employer who pays you, or through the income from your own business. Additional types of income that can help fund your Roth IRA are combat pay, disability benefits, or taxed alimonies.

It’s important to note that there are certain types of resources that will not qualify as earned income, and therefore not able to be used to contribute to a Roth IRA. For example, non-taxable alimony, unemployment benefits, social security benefits, child support, and any type of investment income from securities, rental properties or other assets are considered “unearned income.”

Roth IRA contributions don’t have an age requirement, so even young students and teenagers can open a Roth IRA and contribute their earnings from a summer job into their account, as long as their earned income is within the set limits for Roth IRAs.

Use Personal Capital’s Investment Checkup Tool to evaluate your current asset allocation and level of risk in your portfolio.

2022 Roth IRA Income Limits

Your Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) and tax-filing status (single, married filing jointly, married filing separately) will also determine your if you are eligible to contribute to a Roth IRA for 2022.

Your Modified Adjusted Gross Income is calculated by taking the Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) from your tax return and adding back in certain deductions such as student loan interest, self-employed taxes, home interest payments and higher education expenses. You can visit the IRS website and access Worksheet 2-1 to calculate your Modified Adjusted Gross Income.

Following are the 2022 Roth IRA contribution limits based on tax-filing status.

Filing status

2022 MAGI

Maximum annual contribution

Single, head of household or married filing separately (if you didn’t live with spouse during year)

Less than $129,000

$6,000 ($7,000 if 50 or older)

$129,000 up to $144,000

Contribution is reduced

$144,000 or more

No contribution allowed

Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er)

Less than $204,000

$6,000 ($7,000 if 50 or older)

$204,000 up to $214,000

Contribution is reduced

$214,000 or more

No contribution allowed

Married filing separately (if you lived with spouse at any time during year)

Less than $10,000

Contribution is reduced

$10,000 or more

No contribution allowed

 

Worried about inflation eating into your savings? Use our free Retirement Planner to model different scenarios based on inflation.

2022 Roth IRA Contribution Rules

In addition to restrictions around income, there are a few other rules around Roth IRA contributions that you should be aware of.

Traditional & Roth IRAs

For example, it’s definitely possible to own both a Traditional IRA and a Roth IRA, but the yearly contribution limit applies collectively to both types of IRAs.

For example, if Mary is younger than 50 years old, files her taxes as a single and reports a MAGI of $120,000, she can deposit up to $6,000 and split the amount in any manner between her Traditional and Roth IRA. She just can’t exceed $6,000 in total contributions. It should also be noted that Mary might not want to contribute to her Traditional IRA in this scenario due to her high income level and deductibility rules.

Contribution Deadline

Contributions to Roth IRAs can be made until the federal tax filing day of the following year. Using our above example for Mary, she will be able to contribute to her Roth IRA for 2022 until the federal tax deadline of April 15, 2023.

Roth Conversions

What if you have an existing Traditional IRA or a retirement plan at work such as a 401k, and you would like to move those funds into a Roth IRA? This can absolutely be done as a Roth conversion.

It’s important to note that conversions from other retirement accounts have no impact on your 2022 contribution limit, but may increase your total Modified Adjusted Gross Income and therefore trigger a phaseout of your Roth IRA contribution amount.

Those who are not eligible for Roth contributions due to income limitations are generally still eligible to convert dollars from traditional retirement plans. Talk with an accountant or your financial advisor to see if this makes sense for your financial plan.

Tax Benefits of Roth IRA Contributions

One of the main perks of contributing to Roth IRAs is that you will not be taxed when you take out your contributions in the future since Roth IRAs are funded with after-tax dollars. So if you’re looking for a current tax deduction, a Roth IRA is probably not the ideal investment tool.

Conversely, if you have an income that is low to moderate, you may be eligible for a tax credit through the Retirement Savings Contributions Credit. This applies to those are are:

  • 18 years old or older
  • Not claimed as a dependent on another person’s tax return
  • Not a full-time student

The Saver’s Credit is for 10%, 20%, or 50% on the first $2,000 ($4,000 if married filing jointly), based on your AGI.

For 2022, taxpayers who are married and filing jointly must have AGI levels below $68,000 in order to qualify for the Saver’s Credit. Those who file as head of households must report an AGI below $51,000, and single taxpayers must have incomes below $34,000.

Roth IRA Withdrawal Rules

As I mentioned earlier, one of the biggest perks of a Roth IRA is that withdrawals are tax-free when you ultimately take money from the account. With Roth IRAs, you can leave your money untouched if you want to keep the funds in the account, as there are no required minimum distributions (RMDs) until it potentially becomes inherited.

Keep in mind there are several rules to follow to help you avoid having to pay taxes or penalties for withdrawing your earnings from a Roth IRA.

  • If you are 59½ years or older, have held the Roth IRA for at least five years, and wish to withdraw from your account, you will not be subject to any taxes or penalties (if you’ve converted dollars into the Roth IRA, this may get more complicated).
  • If you’re younger than 59½ and withdraw for events such as higher education expenses, a first-time home purchase, medical expenses or unexpected family events, you may be able to waive the early withdrawal penalty (but may have to pay taxes on growth). It’s advisable to speak with a tax professional beforehand to confirm your qualifications.
  • For those aged 59½ or older but who have had their Roth IRA for less than five years, their withdrawn earnings are subject to taxes, but not the penalty.

Is a Roth IRA Right for You?

Contributions to Roth IRAs aren’t tax-deductible, but qualified withdrawals in retirement are tax-free. In sum, it’s a matter of paying taxes now (Roth) or later (traditional).

Roth IRAs have no required minimum distributions (RMDs) until inherited and can be left as an inheritance or future nest egg to tap into.

Because of these features, Roth accounts are generally good investment tools for people who believe their tax bracket in retirement will be higher than it is now. If you think you’ll be taxed higher in retirement, then it’s better to pay the taxes now.

With all of the various investment and saving plans available, it’s important to analyze your decisions with a financial advisor.

If you are curious to see how a Roth IRA could help you reach your long-term financial goals, consider speaking to one of Personal Capital’s financial advisors. Eligible investors receive a free, no-obligation portfolio review and personalized financial plan.

Suggested Next Steps

  1. Talk to a financial advisor to determine if a Roth IRA is right for you.
  2. Download Personal Capital’s free financial tools and run the “Investment Checkup” to analyze your current portfolio. You’ll also get suggestions on target allocations.
  3. Read 5 Tax Hacks for Investors, a free guide to how to make your portfolio and retirement savings more tax-efficient.

Get Started with Personal Capital’s Free Financial Tools

The content contained in this blog post is intended for general informational purposes only and is not meant to constitute legal, tax, accounting or investment advice. You should consult a qualified legal or tax professional regarding your specific situation. Keep in mind that investing involves risk. The value of your investment will fluctuate over time and you may gain or lose money.

Any reference to the advisory services refers to Personal Capital Advisors Corporation, a subsidiary of Personal Capital. Personal Capital Advisors Corporation is an investment adviser registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Registration does not imply a certain level of skill or training nor does it imply endorsement by the SEC.

Paul is a Certified Financial Planner® and has been with Personal Capital since they first moved to Denver in 2013. With over a decade of industry experience, Paul’s current role as Vice President, Advisory Service at Personal Capital keeps him focused on a team of financial advisors and their clients.
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